Temporomandibular disorder is the abnormal functioning of the jaw joint, ligaments, chewing muscles, maxillary-jaw bones, teeth, and dental support structures.
The most frequent symptoms of this dysfunction are: headache, earache and / or tinnitus, pain or tiredness of chewing muscles, joint noises and difficulty opening the mouth.
Among the common habits that may contribute to the onset of TMD are: biting down on hard, foreign objects, chewing gum and grinding teeth by day or night. Other contributing factors are those related to stress, depression and anxiety or traumatic events (falls, strokes, etc.).
In many cases, diagnosis and treatment may involve several specialties, such as a clinical doctor, neurologist, dentist specializing in TMD, speech therapist, psychiatrist and psychologist, to relieve the constant strain and emotional stress that can give cause to these symptoms.
TMJ dysfunction or Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) range from a simple articular snap generating moderate discomfort in the jaw joint, in front of the ears, to complete blockage of jaw movements and normally resulting in severe pain.
TMD diagnosis is made in the dental office and evaluates several symptoms, such as mandibular movements, articular noises. This may be done by palpating the joints and muscles of the face and head and also includes research on oral habits, and medical and dental treatments performed at earlier dates. Your dentist may request X-rays, CT scans and MRIs to complement the final diagnosis.
There are several TMD treatment alternatives, among the most common we can cite: the use a stabilizer plate, relaxation and stress care techniques, medication, orthodontics and oral rehabilitation.
The purpose of a TMD treatment is to restore the patient to a normal life, free from pain and discomfort, eliminating the recurrence of the pain and comfort and promoting a natural, mandibular function.